- The day is from sunset to sunset. This is the prevailing view (most commonly accepted). This use includes most Jewish sects as well as almost all Sabbath keeping groups.
- The day is from sunRISE to sunset. The night is not counted for anything.
- Passover is not actually kept during the night portion as it must be observed on the 14th DAY of the month and so it cannot be at night. This would also imply that Yahshua did not keep it at night either.
- This is the reason given that Yahweh had to specify that Atonement be from sunset to sunset (such specification was not necessary for other observances as it would be understood that they only kept the daylight portion).
- The Sabbath would then only be about 12 hours allowing for believers to work on Friday night or go out and party as it was not part of the observance of the Sabbath rest.
Thus, it behooves us to consider all scripture. So when does a cock crow?
What does that matter? Of course, it always crows at dawn. At the beginning of the DAY. That changes nothing, right?
Luke 22:34Now, if the "day" is only the daylight portion of the 24 hour period... and the cock only crows at the beginning of the day, does this imply that the cock did not crow that morning until a few hours after dawn so that Yahshua's statement could be made after dawn, then all the events after also occur in that morning until almost lunch time for the cock to crow when Peter denied him three times? After all, they went to the Mount of Olives and back. It seems rather implausible, but many miracles occurred at this time (including earthquakes and some resurrections). Thus, it is possible that the cock could hold back it's normal morning crow until Peter denied him three times.
And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
However, as one previous member of our congregation put it, there must be two witnesses and we have a second one. This one is much more informative:
Mark 14:30Now here, the Messiah himself, in his own words, points out that the time he gives this proclamation, it is to be fulfilled this SAME day, this SAME night. How is that possible if the night is not part of the day and vice-versa?
And Yahshua saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Matthew 26:34Once again, we have a witness that Yahshua said this night. So two gospels show that he said "night" and two show that he said "day". They do not contradict each other. They support each other.
Yahshua said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Here we have the Messiah himself point to a specific time as being both day and night. That is NOT what the second interpretation of a "day" says. It matches perfectly the first and most commonly accepted interpretation of a "day".
Mark 14:68Peter denies him and the cock crows, the dawn is breaking. He denies him twice more and the cock crows once more. All of what happened before this moment was in the night.
But he denied, saying, I know not, neither understand I what thou sayest. And he went out into the porch; and the cock crew.
Matthew 27:1Matthew confirms once more that all that happened until this moment was BEFORE the morning was come... which is at the beginning of a day, not mid-day or afternoon.
When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Yahshua to put him to death
A day consists of daylight and nighttime. Yahshua himself pointed to the time he gave that proclamation as being in one day, during the night time portion of that day. At the time he was keeping the Passover, in the NIGHT on the 14th as every Israelite was keeping it and required to keep it.